licio gelli nobel prize

es:Licio Gelli ro:Licio Gelli As grand master of the Propaganda Due (P2) lodge, Gelli had ties with very high-level personalities in Italy and abroad, in particular in Argentina, where he was fugitive in Argentina for many years. The regular Masonic lodge was enjoyed by Guillermo Suárez Mason and José López Rega, two key-exponents of the Argentine military junta.

Detained in the modern Champ-Dollon Prison near Geneva, he managed to escape and then fled to Chile for four years. In his statement before the court Gelli blamed people connected with Calvi's work in financing the Polish Solidarity movement, allegedly on behalf of the Vatican. In 1992 Licio Gelli was sentenced to 18 years and six months of prison after being found guilty of fraud concerning the collapse of Banco Ambrosiano in 1982 (a "black hole" of $1.4 billion was found).

He participated in the Italian Social Republic with Giorgio Almirante, founder of the neofascist Italian Social Movement (MSI) – which later became Alleanza Nazionale, which ruled in coalition with Berlusconi’s Popolo della Libertà. [7] Gelli was also named minister plenipotentiary for cultural affairs in the Argentine embassy in Italy, thus providing him with diplomatic immunity.

[38] A retrial was ordered in October 1993.

That Gelli was nominated for the Nobel Literature is interesting, but the article is strange.

Nobel Prize in Literature. Stipulations connected to his extradition, however, prevented him from serving time. They also made reference to secret negotiations which would have allowed him to reappear without going to prison. They also made reference to secret negotiations which would have allowed him to reappear without going to prison. Two motions of no confidence were made by the right-wing opposition (the Northern League and the ex-Christian Democratic splinter groups CDU-CDR), against the Justice Minister, Giovanni Maria Flick, and the Interior Minister, Giorgio Napolitano, stating that Gelli had benefited from accomplices helping him in his escape. A few years after the Ambrosiano scandal, many suspects pointed toward Gelli with reference to his possible involvement in the murder of the Milanese banker Roberto Calvi, also known as "God's banker", who had been jailed in the wake of the collapse of Banco Ambrosiano. In 1984 Jorge Vargas, the secretary general of the Unión Nacionalista de Chile (UNACH, Nationalist Union of Chile, a short-lived National Socialist party [28]) and a former member of the Movimiento Revolucionario Nacional Sindicalista (National-Syndicalist Revolutionary Movement [28]), declared to La Tercera de la Hora that Gelli was then in Pinochet's Chile.

[40] In April 1994 Gelli received a 17-year sentence for divulging state secrets and slandering the investigation, while the court threw out the charge that P2 members conspired against the state;[41] Gelli's sentence was reduced, and he was placed under house arrest two years later. [43] His disappearance was strongly suspected to be the result of being forewarned. The movie (working title 'Conspirator') is in development. In 1972, Sindona purchased a controlling interest in Long Island's Franklin National Bank. Following this report, which also claimed that the CIA had been involved in the assassination of the Swedish Prime minister Olof Palme, then President Francesco Cossiga requested the opening of investigations while the CIA itself officially denied these allegations.

Then, finally, he was arrested in the French Riviera in Cannes. According to the magistrate there was insufficient evidence to argue that Gelli had played a role in the planning and execution of the crime. [21], A Parliamentary Commission, directed by Tina Anselmi (of the Christian Democratic party), found no evidence of crimes, but in 1981 the Italian parliament passed a law banning secret associations in Italy.

[24], Finally, Gelli surrendered in 1987 in Switzerland to investigative judge Jean-Pierre Trembley. Associated Press. [2] He participated in the Italian Social Republic with Giorgio Almirante, founder of the neofascist Italian Social Movement (MSI). [2] 2003 interview. The lodge P2, also known as the Propaganda Due, was also linked to the robbery of Juan Peron's severed hands.[12]. Licio Gelli (Italian pronunciation: [ˈlitʃo ˈdʒɛlli]; April 21, 1919 – December 15, 2015) was an Italian financier, Fascist, and liaison officer between the Italian government and Nazi Germany,[1] chiefly known for his role in the Banco Ambrosiano scandal.

He was revealed in 1981 as being the Venerable Master of the clandestine lodge Propaganda Due (P2). The Independent. The Argentine Chancellor Alberto Vignes drafted with Juan Perón, who had returned from exile in 1973, a decree granting Gelli the Gran Cruz de la Orden del Libertador in August 1974, as well as the honorary office of economic counselor in the embassy of Argentina in Italy.

Gelli was born in Pistoia, Tuscany.

He was then just starting to gain popularity as the founder and owner of "Canale 5" TV channel, was listed as a member of P2. In 2003, Gelli told La Repubblica that it seemed that the P2 "democratic rebirth plan" was being implemented by Silvio Berlusconi: Every morning I speak to my conscience and the dialogue calms me down. A few years ago influential friends nominated Licio Gelli for the Nobel Prize in literature. The Argentine Chancellor Alberto Vignes drafted with Juan Perón, who had returned from exile in 1973, a decree granting Gelli the Gran Cruz de la Orden del Libertador in August 1974, as well as the honorary office of economic counselor in the embassy of Argentina in Italy. In 1996, Gelli was nominated as a candidate for the Nobel Prize in Literature, supported by Mother Teresa and Naguib Mahfouz. no:Licio Gelli Licio Gelli (; born April 21, 1919) is an Italian financier, chiefly known for his role in the Banco Ambrosiano scandal. it:Licio Gelli

[15] Future Italian prime minister Silvio Berlusconi was on the list, although he had not yet entered politics at the time. I wrote about this thirty years ago ... Berlusconi is an extraordinary man, a man of action. The venerable master of the clandestine freemasons lodge Propaganda P2, one of Italy’s most sinister organisations believed to be at the heart of a fascist conspiracy, has died.

[citation needed], In 1996, Gelli was nominated as a candidate for the Nobel Prize in Literature,[3] supported by Mother Teresa and Naguib Mahfouz. He was accused of having provoked Calvi's death in order to punish him for having embezzled money owed to him and the Mafia. [15] In June 2020, the Swedish police closed the investigation about Olof Palme's assassination, and revealed that he was murdered by Stig Engstrom, a Swedish graphic designer and centre-right municipal activist; and having nothing to do with the CIA[16]. Licio Gelli's downfall started with the Banco Ambrosiano scandal, which led to a 1981 police raid on his villa and the discovery of the P2 covert lodge. To install click the Add extension button. In 2003 Gelli told La Repubblica that it seemed that the P2 "democratic rebirth plan" was being implemented by Silvio Berlusconi: ... ↑ "Licio Gelli cuenta cómo inició a … In 1996, Gelli was nominated as a candidate for the Nobel Prize in Literature.[2]. [14] A list of alleged adherents was found by the police in Gelli's house in Arezzo in March 1981, containing 962 names, among which were important state officials, some important politicians and a number of military officers, including the heads of the three Italian secret services. Brenneke's background was also investigated by a U.S. Senate subcommittee, which dismissed Brenneke's claims of CIA employment. He was wanted in connection with the 1982 collapse of the Banco Ambrosiano and on charges of subversive association in connection with the 1980 Bologna railway station bombing, which killed 85 people. [2][3], After a sales job with the Italian mattress factory Permaflex, Gelli founded his own textile and importing company. Several members of the Argentine military junta have been found to be P2 members, such as Raúl Alberto Lastiri, Argentina's interim president from July 13, 1973 until October 12, 1973, Emilio Massera, part of Jorge Videla's military junta from 1976 to 1978, and José López Rega, the infamous founder of the Argentine Anticommunist Alliance ("Triple A"). [11], Several members of the Argentine military junta have been found to be P2 members, such as Raúl Alberto Lastiri, Argentina's interim president from July 13, 1973 until October 12, 1973, Emilio Massera, part of Jorge Videla's military junta from 1976 to 1978, and José López Rega, the infamous founder of the Argentine Anticommunist Alliance ("Triple A"). [14] Critics have claimed the RAI report to be a fraud because of the inclusion of testimony from Richard Brenneke, who claimed to be a former CIA agent and made several declarations concerning the October surprise conspiracy.

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