research as a systematic investigation


Basic HHS Policy for Protection of Human Research Subjects. We can identify these requirements by examining some definitions of research. (g) IRB means an institutional review board established in accord with and for the purposes expressed in this policy. Exploratory research is undertaken to explore an area where little is known or to investigate the possibilities of undertaking a particular research study (feasibility study pilot study). Generally, our research knowledge is acquired using a systematic approach to investigate and answer a specific research question. Systematic-this implies that the procedure adopted to undertake an investigation follow a certain logical sequence. However, the researcher was allowed to take notes. Due to get the different view of the topic the researcher include HR Executives into this research as the managers may only think about the organizations point of view. The Human Research Protection Program will make the final determination of whether or not a study requires review. As a previous employer, the researcher explains the benefits, nature and the process of the research to several managers and enrollment officers. Positivism argues for the existence of a true and objective reality that can be studied by applying the methods and principles of natural sciences and scientific inquiry. However a Total number of 97 respondents including 72 HR Executives, 18 training and development officers, 5 Selection and Recruitment Officer, 1 Deputy Manager and 1 HR manager are in sample size for the questionnaire from the Grameen Phone. Data collected from a pilot study cannot be used as research data. (f) Institution means any public or private entity, or department or agency (including federal, state, and other agencies). The process of finding a solution to a problem after a thorough study and analysis of the situational factor is known as research (Sekaran-2000). According to Cooper and Schindler (2003), “Observation alone can capture the whole event as it occurs in its natural environment.” It means that observation is a systematic, proper controlled and scientific method of data collection. !function(d,s,id){var js,fjs=d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0],p=/^http:/.test(d.location)? Research A systematic investigation, including research development, testing, and evaluation, designed to develop or contribute to generalizable knowledge. Again, Robson (1993) said, “Reliability of the research can be measured by how accurate the researcher is with the actual findings.” For this research, the researcher used various sources of evidence which have been documented and it was essential for the researcher to achieve both reliable and valid result. According to Smith et al (2003), a research design is ‘organizing research activity, including the collection of data, in ways that are most likely to achieve the research aims.’ Data can be collected by using quantitative techniques or qualitative techniques. Important areas of health and well-being knowledge such as health policy, patient care and education require that we demand the quality of our research information and subsequent knowledge are reliable and valid. Comment document.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "add9cc19b9d8e5d28e4373504a4a3bee" );document.getElementById("dba8ecce91").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Tweet The federal regulations (45 CFR 46.102) define research as “a systematic investigation, including research development, testing and evaluation, designed to develop or contribute to generalizable knowledge.”. Study for free with our range of university lectures! Some student research projects conducted as part of course requirements may also need IRB review if it falls under the federal definition of research. Reference this. (m) Written, or in writing, for purposes of this part, refers to writing on a tangible medium (e.g., paper) or in an electronic format. analysis of existing data or biological specimens, evaluations of social or educational programs. Correlational research attempts to discover or establish the existence of a relationship/ interdependence between two or more aspects of a situation. A positive approach for data collection in the Questionnaires was carried out with both for lower level employees and members of management officer. e.g. according to Anderson (2004), “Primary data is information that is collected by the researcher, usually for the purpose of particular research project.” It means that, for any specific project when the researcher collects data are known as primary data. The different steps cannot be taken in a haphazard way. Scientific research involves a systematic process that focuses on being objective and gathering a multitude of information for analysis so that the researcher can come to a conclusion. Logical. Furthermore, knowledge acquired through a belief or an expression of faith, no matter how well justified is not the type of knowledge commonly used nor accepted as robust research knowledge in the area of health and wellness. According to Saunders et al (2003), ‘the use of questionnaires to survey a sizeable population is a highly economical way of collecting data in a relatively short time, and therefore a popular and common data collection method in business and management research.’ Data collection through this method is time consuming and there is a scope that respondents can express their thoughts. Empirical-this means that any conclusion drawn are based upon hard evidence gathered from information collected from real-life experiences or observations. Additionally, research includes observing and recording events that occur in the process of completing the research, analyzing those events and making conclusions based on the information acquired. As the population using to identify the practices and the major elements of recruitment and selection process at Grameen Phone and examine the effectiveness of the recruitment and selection methods used by Grameen Phone. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. -Payton, 1979. On the other hand, low response rate is the big disadvantage of this method, as this rate may affect the validity of the result. Research is a systematic inquiry to describe, explain, predict and control the observed phenomenon. We have a group of patients, who are going through knee-replacement surgery. Interaction includes communication or interpersonal contact between investigator and subject.

Applied research (Action Research) is done to solve specific, practical questions; for policy formulation, administration and understanding of a phenomenon. There is less possibility in this method that participant’s ideas would be influence the data since there is no interaction between the observer and the participants. According to Saunders et al. Research is defined as the scientific investigation of phenomena which includes collection, presentation, analysis and interpretation of facts that lines an individual’s speculation with reality. This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service. This assessment shall take place within 1 year and regularly thereafter (at least every 4 years). Get step-by-step explanations, verified by experts. (b) Clinical trial means a research study in which one or more human subjects are prospectively assigned to one or more interventions (which may include placebo or other control) to evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or behavioral health-related outcomes. As different people analyze the same thing in different ways, the researcher can gain the different view of the particular topic. There are two sources of information, these are primary and secondary sources and the data gathered through those resources are called primary data and secondary data. The researcher can use multiple approaches to find out the best possible answer from the various dimensions. Descriptive research attempts to describe systematically a situation, problem, phenomenon, service or programme, or provides information about, say, the living condition of a community, or describes attitudes towards an issue. Controlled– in real life there are many factors that affect an outcome. The researcher tried to develop an own theory, collected data through different data collection method (questionnaire, interview and observation) and also tried to find out any previous research on the same field, though there were several on the same topic but none were done in the same organization. The concept of control implies that, in exploring causality in relation to two variables (factors), you set up your study in a way that minimizes the effects of other factors affecting the relationship. Research A systematic investigation including research development testing and. Training programs designed to teach proven methods that will be used during the conduct  of research (i.e., blood drawing training, interview techniques training); Refining data collection procedures or preparation of an instrument, such as a survey. Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ.

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